The introduction of mathematics activities in the early childhood curriculum is important given the significance of mathematics in life. Children acquire mathematical concepts and skills at an early age through interaction with diverse materials in their environment as they play. Mathematics activities at this level are mostly in the form of games, poems, songs, rhymes and other play activities.
This unit attempts to acquaint you with content, concept skills, methods and approaches in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Mathematics activities should be child centered and linked to real life situations. The unit also discusses methods of assessing competence in mathematics in young children.
By the end of the unit, you should be able to:
- define terms related to mathematics.
- describe the nature and scope of mathematics.
- state the objectives of mathematics in ECDE.
- analyze the importance of mathematics in life.
- discuss Piaget’s and Brunner’s theories and their implication in teaching ECDE mathematics activities.
- describe mathematical skills and concepts learnt by children in pre-school and lower primary.
- identify principles of teaching mathematics to ECDE children.
- explain activities and methods which enhance acquisition of mathematical skills and concepts in pre-school and lower primary.
- develop suitable materials for use in teaching and learning mathematics.
- design appropriate instruments for assessing children’s achievement in mathematics.