Introduction to Child Psychology

Personality Development

Course Description

Personality may be defined as the sum total of all behavioral and mental characteristics by means of which an individual is recognized as being unique. The study of personality development helps individual to understand themselves and others for better interaction and harmonious living.

The unit examines the theories of personality, temperaments and factors influencing personality development. It also discusses life skills for psycho-social competence and living values that help an individual lead a healthy, well adjusted and productive life. Self-awareness and effective communication skills are also discussed in an attempt to help learners develop better interaction within the family and the community.


By the end of the unit, you should be able to:

a) Define the terms related to personality development

b) Analyze theories of personality development and relate them to real life situations

c) Explain personality types and temperaments

d) Discuss factors that influence personality development

e) Analyze the various defense mechanisms, cause and effects

f) Discuss life skills for psychosocial competence and their importance in human development and adjustments

g) Evaluate important values and methods of imparting them in children

Community Development (ECDE)

Course Description

In Kenya most of the ECDE programs are owned and managed by the community. The purpose of this unit is to equip you with knowledge, skills and attitudes for effective community sensitization, mobilization and capacity building to enhance community involvement and participation in ECDE program.


By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

a) Define terms related to community development

b) Discuss the principle of community capacity building

c) Outline the structure of community organization

d) Categorize community leadership patterns

e) Discuss strategies of community capacity building, mobilization and empowerment

f) Discuss the components of group dynamics in community development

g) Compare socio-economic changes in community and their effect on child rearing practices

h) Describe various modes of managing of community based ECDE programmes

i) Discuss the role of parents and community in ECD programmes

j) Analyze quality of a good mobilizer

k) Discuss networking, coalition and collaboration in ECDE programmes

l) Describe effective communication in community capacity building and mobilization

m) Analyze emerging issues in community development

Law Relating to Catering


This module unit is intended to give this trainee an overview of the law as it relates to hotel and catering business

General Objectives

By the end of this unit, the trainee should be able to:

a) Understand the general set up of Kenya’s legal system.

b) Understand the legal implications in relation to hotel and catering issues

c) Identify the correct defenses for various offenses

d) Understand the statues that apply to hotel and catering business

e) Understand the legal requirements when operating a food and beverage establishment

Instructional and Learning Approaches

Course Description

Children are curious, active and learn by doing. Children learn spontaneously through play. Children grow and develop through their senses; they look, feel, listen, smell and taste. Through play and by use of their senses, children discover new knowledge and expand their ideas as they grow. Making a child enjoy the learning experience is the hallmark of a successful instructor and educational setting. If young children are to acquire skills, knowledge and develop desired attitudes in life then relevant and appropriate instructional methods have to be adopted. This course introduces you to certain instructional methods and activities in order to acquire the necessary knowledge to organize, plan and teach these activities to children. Therefore, play provides children with opportunities to explore, manipulate and experiment. This course therefore seeks to equip the student teacher with these basic and most practical instructional skills and knowledge as it relates within an early childhood educational context.


By the end of this unit you should be able to:-

a) Define terms related to learning approaches

b) Describe learning environments in ECDE

c) Describe various techniques of ECDE class organization and management

d) Analyze various instructional approaches

e) Discuss the importance of learning through play

f) Explain Thematic Integrated learning approach

g) Prepare schemes of work and daily lesson plans

h) Identify methods of assessing children’s learning abilities

i) Construct some themes and sub-themes used in ECDE centers

j) Develop learning materials related to various themes

k) Develop activities related to thematic integrated learning approach

Health, Nutrition and Care

Course Description

Health, nutrition and care are essential aspects of growth and development of children. These aspects are interrelated and necessary for healthy growth and development. This unit focuses on maternal child health, primary healthcare, safety and protection, food security, child rearing practices, common childhood diseases, HIV and AIDS prevention and management. The unit provides useful practical experiences in ECDE.


By the end of the unit, you should be able to:

  1. explain the concepts: health, nutrition and care.
  2. discuss components of balanced nutrition.
  3. analyze major deficiency disorders, their causes, symptoms and preventive measures.
  4. discuss common childhood diseases.
  5. design strategies for improving health and nutrition of the child and the family.
  6. describe appropriate maternal and child health care services.
  7. explain the primary health care concept in relation to promotion of community health.
  8. compare traditional and modern child rearing practices in relation to promotion of community health.
  9. discuss the basic elements of child safety and protection.
  10. evaluate HIV and AIDS impact and intervention measures.

Food and Beverage Production Management

Course Description

This module unit is intended to equip you with knowledge, skills and attitude to effectively manage a food production establishment. You will be involved in all aspects of food production. He/she will employ both mental and physical abilities in conjunction with available resources so as to achieve the required goals


By the end of this module unit, you should be able to:

a) Understand the organization of food production outlets.

b) Appreciate the use of equipment and tools for a variety of food production outlets.

c) Apply international food production manipulative skills.

d) Direct operations in any food outlet profitably.

e) Evaluate the existing methods of food production in relation to meeting the expectations of the management.

f) Promote health and safety of the employees, guests and property.

g) Appreciate the need for quality food products in order to attract and maintain guests.

h) Adopt emerging trends in food and beverage production.

General Methods of Teaching Young Children and Material Development

Course Description

In order for young children to learn and enjoy the activities effectively, appropriate methods and materials need to be used. The purpose of this unit is to equip you with various methods and materials of teaching and learning in ECDE centers. The unit examines the concepts of learning and teaching environment in ECDE as well as various approaches of planning and materials development of instruction. It also highlights various techniques of motivating and sustaining children`s interests learning through play, instructional resources and knowing the children. The unit introduces you to micro-teaching.


By the end of the unit, you should be able to:

  1. define concepts in teaching and learning.
  2. identify appropriate teaching/learning approaches in ECDE.
  3. demonstrate various learning/teaching strategies in ECDE.
  4. Describe various techniques of class organization and class control in ECDE.
  5. compare modern theories associated with instructional methods in ECDE.
  6. discuss various techniques of sustaining pupils interest.
  7. discuss purpose and elements of professional documents used in teaching.
  8. preparing schemes of work and lesson plans using the syllabuses and time tables.
  9. apply micro-teaching skills.
  10. identify relevant and safe teaching/learning materials in ECDE.
  11. develop and display materials for learning.
  12. discuss various techniques of assessing children`s achievement.

General Psychology

Course Description

The unit examines the nature and scope of psychology as a foundation for understanding human development. Learning theories relevant to ECDE and their contributions on how children learn are discussed. In addition, key concepts in psychology such as intelligence, memory, motivation, concept formation, sensation, perception, attitudes, emotions and factors influencing learning have also been highlighted.


By the end of the unit, you should be able to:

  1. define the terms used in general psychology.
  2. describe the nature and scope of general psychology.
  3. discuss learning theories relevant to ECDE.
  4. discuss factors influencing learning.
  5. evaluate how teachers can apply the information on learning.

Development Economics

Course Description

This unit is designed to equip you with knowledge, skills and attitude to enable you understand the role of economics in social development.


By the end of this module, you should be able to:

  1. understand the dynamics of development economics
  2. appreciate the impact of development economics in social development
  3. participate in economic development activities in society
  4. apply various principles of economics in social developmen